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Computer History
Tracing the History of the Computer - Commodore, Sinclair, Space Invaders, Amstrad ...


The purpose of this web site is to provide a repository of articles and photos relating to the history of the computer, including software history, the history of programming languages, people, microprocessors, operating systems, and the history of computer games.

It makes sense to go back and see how it all started! Hardware has always played a major role in the history of the computer, and the computer's motherboard (or system board) is where most of the computer's electronics are located. For example, the motherboard contains the microprocessor, the memory, expansion slots, the hard disk interface, and so on.

Most computers can be expanded or extended in some way, for example, you can normally add more memory or perhaps a new hard disk. If you are looking for new hardware, you can shop for high quality wholesale laptop motherboard products from China on Of course, as well as the computers themselves, there are plenty of other types of hardware such as printers, scanners, fax machines, expansion cards, and so on.


The explosion of the world wide web over the past few years has opened up huge opportunities for online gaming and gambling, and as such this website also contains information relating to the history of games, gambling and gaming. Learn more about the history of games like Pong, Space Invaders, and slot games as well as the progression of online activities from basic email to online games such as bingo and poker and now online shopping and dating.

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You are able to browse a large selection of articles and photos relating to many areas of the history of the computer, for example, Atari, Acorn, Amstrad, Commodore, Sinclair, microprocessors, programming, plus much more.

More is now possible with browser based applications such as flash games since they rely heavily on the CPU. These types of games usually involve processor intensive effects to create a realistic battlefield experience, and atmospheric live ammunition sound effects.

The History of the Computer

Computing hardware has long been an essential component of the process of calculation and data storage. The earliest computing hardware was probably some form of tally stick; later recording devices include the Phoenician clay shapes which represented counts of items (want to read more? then go to The History of the Computer main article).

Commodore 64

Commodore 64C (1986)

Since the invention of the Worl-Wide-Web in the early nineties, the use of computers has changed significantly, with people being able to do their shopping online, their dating online, partake in a bit of online gambling, or run their businesses online.

History of Video Games

Video games started to become part of popular culture in the late 1970s. Over the decades, they have become very popular, either in the form of hand held consoles, or with games that run on computers or attached to TVs. Learn more about the history of video games here.

History of Online Gambling and Gaming

Online gambling sites have become very popular in recent years, with sites such as attracting a lot of Finnish players taking advantage of the games on offer on such a site; and remember, it wasn't that long ago that the only place you could play casino games was in a real casino. That's one of the reasons why there weren't so many players then as there are today.

In 1994, the Caribbean nation of Antigua and Barbuda passed the Free Trade & Processing act, allowing licences to be granted to organisations applying to open online casinos. Before online casinos, the first fully functional gambling software was developed by Microgaming, an Isle of Man-based software company. This was secured with software developed by CryptoLogic, an online security software company. Safe transactions became viable and this led to the first online casinos appearing in 1994. 1996 saw the establishment of the Kahnawake Gaming Commission, which regulated online gaming activity from the Mohawk Territory of Kahnawake and issues gaming licences to many of the world's online casinos and poker rooms. This is an attempt to keep the operations of licensed online gambling organisations fair and transparent. In 1995, the website became one of the most popular online casino guides for German speakers in Switzerland.

Early sketch of gamblers

Early Sketch of Gamblers

During 1997 and 1998, online gambling gradually gained popularity as more sites started to appear. The number of sites had increased from just 15 websites in 1996 to 200 in 1997. In 1998, a report published by Frost & Sullivan revealed that online gambling revenues had exceeded $830 million in 1998 alone. Multiplayer online gambling was introduced in 1999, enabling people to gamble, chat and interact with each other in an interactive environment.

In 2008, H2 Gambling Capital estimated that worldwide online gambling revenue had reached $21 USD billion and, as shown in a report published that year, were an extremely successful casino of that period. This is perhaps due to the enthusiasm of players in Switzerland.

Now, in 2016, the online casino market is fiercely competitive, with new sites appearing all the time. In order to stay ahead of the game, online casinos often offer bonuses to tempt players to join their site. This is what has happened with the best guide ever, which offers huge bonuses - often in excess of 1000€ to start playing with them and propose amazing free games such as online craps for money, for example. Visit the page to get the best craps tables that exist at the moment in a casino online. If you are someone who enjoys visiting online casinos, and with so many to choose from, it is a good idea to know what the latest casino bonuses on offer are, enabling you to spend your money wisely. If sports betting is your passion, why not pay a visit to, where you'll be able to enjoy a great betting experience.

Poker is a very popular game in South African land-based casinos such as Monte Casino and Online Casinos. Online Poker is a card game in which the player with the strongest hand wins the bet. In a game of poker, the player will play against the online casino software which is represented by the dealer.

You can find out more about the history of gambling and gaming at The site provides impartial descriptions of casino games such as poker and bingo, telling you about the origins of the games plus plenty of interesting facts and figures about gambling and gaming. There is also a good selection of fun, safe casino games to play online. Also, have you ever wondered what software is used when playing your favorite games online? You can find out now by going to

The History of Slot Machines

Slot machines have provided a popular form of gambling for a long time, but the advent of the web has made this form of gambling available to anyone with Internet access.

The first slot machine was invented by Charles Fey of San Francisco, California, U.S. Most people agree that Fey invented the machine in 1887, however some believe that he may have conceived the machine in 1895. Due to the vast number of possible wins with the original poker card based game, it proved practically impossible to come up with a way to make a machine capable of making an automatic payout for all possible winning combinations. Charles Fey devised a machine with three spinning reels containing a total of five symbols - horseshoes, diamonds, spades, hearts, and a Liberty Bell, which also gave the machine its name. If you want more information about Charles Fey, you can visit this website, where you'll find great articles talking about him.

There are various names that can be used to describe this type of gambling/gaming machine:

  • Slot machine (American English)
  • Fruit machine (British English)
  • Slots (Canadian English)
  • Poker machine or "pokies" (slang) (Australian English and New Zealand English)
  • Slot (American English)
  • One-armed bandit
  • Machine à sous (French)

All these terms describe a casino gambling machine with three or more reels that spin when a button is pushed/pressed. Of course, there are other ways to name a slot machine. If you are interested in finding out what those names are, you can visit the website - I'm sure you will find it amusing.

The History of Bingo

Bingo can be traced all the way back to an Italian lottery game called "Il Giuoco del Lotto d'Italia" which was played around 1530. By the eighteenth century, the game had matured, and in France, playing cards, tokens, the reading out of numbers had been added to the game. In the nineteenth century, bingo was widely used in Germany for educational purposes to teach children spelling, animal names, and multiplication tables. If you prefer slots and you are from Finland, you can check out this website, a great online casino guide.

Le Lotto was then subsequently created by the French in 1778. This unique lotto variation featured 27 squares in a unique layout of three rows and nine columns. The numbers within the boxes ranged from 1 through 90. Only five squares within each row contained numbers which subsequently led to the design of modern day bingo.

The History of Poker

It has been reported that Poker was first played in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1829, with a deck of 20 cards, and four players betting on which player's hand was the most valuable. Jonathan H. Green's book, An Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling (G. B. Zieber, Philadelphia, 1843), described the spread of the game from there to the rest of the country by Mississippi riverboats, on which gambling was a common pastime. As it spread north along the Mississippi River and to the West during the gold rush, it is thought to have become a part of the frontier pioneer ethos.

Soon after this spread, the full 52-card English deck was used and the flush was introduced. The draw was added prior to 1850 (when it was first mentioned in print in a handbook of games). During the American Civil War, many additions were made including stud poker (specifically five-card stud), and the straight. Further American developments followed, such as the wild card (around 1875), lowball and split-pot poker (around 1900), and community card poker games (around 1925).

Modern tournament play became popular in American casinos after the World Series of Poker began, in 1970.

History of Operating Systems

Early computers did not have an operating system. The user had sole use of the machine, and would arrive at the machine along with his program and data, often on punched paper tape. The program would then be loaded into the machine, and the machine set to work, until the program stopped, or crashed! Learn more about the history of operating systems here.

History of Programming Languages

The first modern programming language is hard to identify. From the start, the restrictions of the hardware defined the language. Punch cards allowed 80 columns, but some of the columns had to be used for a sorting number on each card. Fortran included some keywords which were the same as English words, such as "IF", "GOTO" (go to) and "CONTINUE". The use of a magnetic drum for memory meant that computer programs also had to be interleaved with the rotations of the drum. Thus the programs were more hardware dependent than today. Learn more about the history of programming languages here. A large selection of free programming and scripting languages is available at

History of Sound Cards

Most sound cards have a line in connector where the sound signal from a cassette tape recorder or similar sound source can be input.
A Sound Blaster Live! Value card, a typical present-day PCI sound card

A Sound Blaster Live! Value card

The sound card can digitize this signal and store it (controlled by the corresponding computer software) on the computer's hard disk for editing or further reproduction. Another typical external connector is the microphone connector, for connecting to a microphone or other input device that generates a relatively lower voltage than the line in connector. Input through a microphone jack is typically used by speech recognition software or Voice over IP applications. Learn more about the history of sound cards here.

History of the Floppy Disk

Floppy disks, also known as floppies or diskettes, were ubiquitous in the 1980s and 1990s, being used on home and personal computer platforms such as the Apple II, Macintosh, Commodore 64, Atari ST, Amiga, and IBM PC to distribute software, transfer data between computers, and create small backups. Learn more about the history of floppy disks here.

History of the Hard Disk

For many years, hard disks were large devices more suited to use in the protected environment of a data center or large office than in a harsh industrial environment, or small office or home. Before the early 1980s, most hard disks had 8-inch (20 cm) or 14-inch (35 cm) platters, required an equipment rack or a large amount of floor space (especially the large removable-media drives, which were often referred to as "washing machines"), and in many cases needed high-amperage or even three-phase power hookups due to the large motors they used. Learn more about the history of hard disks here.

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